Dental Seva

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Dental Filling

What is dental Filling?

Dental filling is a common treatment used to restore missing tooth structure caused by decay, trauma, or habits like teeth grinding or nail biting. It fills the gap created by decay, protects the tooth from further damage, and restores its original shape and function. Fillings are also effective in repairing broken or cracked teeth, reinforcing their structure to withstand chewing forces. In addition to addressing cavities, dental fillings can successfully repair teeth damaged by accidents or trauma. The procedure involves removing decayed or damaged tooth material and filling the space with appropriate dental materials, halting further decay and restoring the tooth’s integrity.

Why would one need dental filling?

Fillings are necessary when tooth decay creates a cavity or hole on the tooth surface. Without a filling, the cavity can worsen and lead to various issues. These include pain, the formation of an abscess, and potentially more severe problems like bone loss. Signs that indicate the need for a filling include:

  • Presence of a hole in the tooth.
  • Dark spots or discoloration on the tooth surface.
  • Food getting stuck in specific areas between the teeth.
  • Chipped or broken tooth.
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages.
  • Identification of single or multiple cavities.

Getting a filling helps prevent further decay, restores the tooth’s function, and alleviates discomfort. It is important to address these signs promptly by consulting a dentist to determine the appropriate treatment, which often involves the placement of a filling.

What is the procedure of Dental Filling?

The dental filling procedure typically involves the following steps:

  • Assessment: The dentist evaluates the severity of the decay or damage to determine if a filling is suitable. X-rays may be taken for a more detailed examination.
  • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to numb the area around the infected tooth, ensuring a comfortable experience during the procedure. Nitrous oxide gas (laughing gas) may also be used to help reduce pain and anxiety.
  • Isolation: A rubber dam, a small sheet of rubber on a metal frame, may be used to isolate the decayed tooth and prevent debris from entering the mouth and throat.
  • Decay Removal: The dentist removes the decayed or damaged portion of the tooth using a dental handpiece or laser. This step prepares the tooth for restoration.
  • Filling Application: The dentist applies the chosen filling material to the prepared area to fill the cavity. The type of filling material used depends on factors such as location, aesthetics, and patient preferences. Options include amalgam (a mixture of metals), composite resins (tooth-colored fillings), ionomers (tooth-colored materials with fluoride release), gold, or ceramics.
  • Polishing: After the filling is placed, the dentist polishes the tooth to ensure a smooth and natural-looking finish.

It’s important to note that the choice of filling material may depend on factors such as cost, durability, aesthetics, and the dentist’s recommendation. Some materials, like gold and ceramics, may require multiple appointments and additional dental lab support, increasing the overall treatment duration and cost.

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